UNDERSTANDING GUMS DISEASE OR BLEEDING GUMS
Ignoring oral health can result in the formation of calculus from regular deposition of plaque that leads to inflamed or swollen gums. Over some time, this inflammation can result in oral health issues like cavities, bad breath, foul taste in the mouth, and severe pain in gums. All these oral health issues are indicative of gums disease. In the worst-case scenario, gums disease can lead to bleeding gums thus aggravating the toothache. Therefore, it is advisable to visit a highly experienced dentist for the best gums treatment in Greater Kailash Delhi.
STAGES OF GUMS DISEASE
There Are Two Stages Of Gums Disease:
- Gingivitis: Referred to as the first or an early stage of gums disease, gingivitis is reversible. This is because at an early stage is easy to prevent the development of bacterial film and stop it from spreading in the mouth. This helps in preventing any cavities, bad breath and inflammation in the soft tissues due to poor oral hygiene. Gingivitis can be cured by following a good oral health regime, eating healthy foods and home remedies.
- Periodontitis: Referred to as the second or an advanced stage of gums disease, periodontitis is irreversible. If not controlled at an early stage then the formation of plaque can cause serious damage to teeth and gums due to tartar buildup. The prolong the development of gingivitis leads to bleeding gums, cavities, severe toothache, chewing problem and even loss of a tooth. Periodontitis can only be treated with the help of a professional. Depending on the patient’s condition the dentist performs professional cleaning followed by the required procedure for gums disease.
TYPES OF PROCEDURES INVOLVED IN GUMS TREATMENT
- Non-surgical Treatment Procedure for Gums: – It includes scaling, Curettage, Deep Cleaning, Bad breath/ Halitosis, Pocket decontamination by Laser, gums De Pigmentation by laser, Gummy smile correction by laser, Splinting.
- Surgical Treatment Procedures includes:-Flap Surgery, Bone Grafting(Regeneration),Recession Coverage(Perio Plastic Surgery),Gingivectomy, Gingivoplasty, Ridge Augmentation.
SCALING & POLISHING
Cleaning/ scaling of teeth is the procedure of removing plaque (soft, sticky, creamy, bacterial deposit) and calculus-stony hard deposits that have built up on the teeth surface over a period of time. In a normal course of time teeth are surrounded by saliva which contains calcium and other minerals which harden with time and form calculus if plaque is not cleaned regularly. It’s a chalky deposit that buildup over time, as lime scale forms in a pipe. Until it gets stained by other things it is usually a tooth colored and generally mistaken as part of the teeth, but it also can vary from brown to black in color as it gets stained or becomes very old.
If the calculus is allowed to accumulate over a period of time on the tooth surface it will lead to gum infection initially in form of Gingivitis, which further progresses if left untreated it goes deep and causes further destruction of surrounding tissue inclusive of bone known as periodontitis which is commonly known as Pyorrhea in common language. As this destruction process is painless, hence the patient remains unaware of the destruction occurring in his oral cavity.
Teeth cleaning/scaling also known as oral prophylaxis leaves you as fresh & teeth can be felt smooth and clean.
HOW TEETH CLEANING/ORAL PROPHYLAXIS IS DONE?
By using specialized instruments dentist gently remove these deposits without harming the teeth.
Commonly used instrument is ultrasonic scaler which uses gentle vibrations to remove calculus. It also sprays a spray of water which acts as cooling agent, while it also wash away debris and keep the area clean & at a proper temperature during the procedure. The sound of this instrument resembles the sound just like when you put a power toothbrush into your mouth.
Oral prohylaxis/ scaling is recommended every 6 months and acts as preventive tool to keep the teeth healthy. As healthy teeth are essential for overall healthy well being. It does not scratch or damage the tooth in any way as generally patients are having misconception that if they underwent scaling it will weaken your teeth but it reality it strengthen your teeth & makes you healthy. You may visit your dentist today to get gums treatment in south Delhi that is suitable for you.
Within Nano seconds after brushing biofilm starts forming on the tooth surface. By regular brushing this biofilm gets disrupted. If brushing is not done in a proper way than this biofilm colonizes the bacteria & further forms plaque which if left out on tooth surface untreated forms calculus a calcified form of plaque. This plaque not only grow around the tooth surface it penetrates below the gum/gingival margin, forms the subgingival plaque. Sub gingival plaque formations destroys the surrounding tissue as this subgingival plaque further progresses into subgingival calculus and aggravates the tissue destruction and causes pockets ie pathological deepening of gingival sulcus.
In subgingival plaque and calculus bacteria gets colonize and starts irritating gums, in form of inflammation tend to bleed easily. This bleeding is noticed mainly while brushing your teeth, eating hard things, and sometimes gums bleed with a small amount of trigger also.
With the progression of destruction of periodontal tissue it destroys the surrounding bone also eventually cause loosening of teeth. The damage of the supporting structure is irreversible but this damage can be prevented if noticed on time and treated by Subgingival scaling/ Deep cleaning.
Periodontal therapy in form of deep cleaning eliminates the plaque and calculus and heals the surrounding tissue and reduces the pocket depth.
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN AND SCALING/CLEANING AND DEEP CLEANING?
In scaling the plaque and calculus is removed from the tooth surface above gingival margin. Whereas in deep cleaning/subgingival scaling plaque and calculus is removed below the gingival (gum) margin along the root surface even the micro roughness caused because of damage by the bacteria on the root surface (cementum) is also removed in this process (root planing) resulting in a smooth surface.